Black tea is a traditional tea that has long been the only one known worldwide. It is still one of the most popular teas and is the most widespread in the West and throughout Europe. If we compare it with green or white tea, for example, it undergoes significantly longer oxidation, which is associated with certain advantages and disadvantages of its consumption. Above all, however, it significantly affects the resulting taste.
History of tea and its types
The first teas from China to Japan were exported in 805. According to legend, they have been known since 2737 BC. You will find mentions of them in a number of legends. However, the question is how much these legends are real for.
Black teas are offered by almost all Asian producers. They are imported to us mainly from India, China and Sri Lanka. In China, black tea is called red, which is not far from the truth, because its color, when properly brewed, is red rather than black.
The famous Pu’Erh black tea is imported from China , which is famous for its earthy taste, for which it has gained many supporters and opponents. Pu’Erh tea has many positive effects. For example, it works to speed up the metabolism and breakdown of fat in the body, lowers cholesterol, promotes detoxification, strengthens the immune system or acts against cancer.
The most famous Indian black teas are Darjeeling and Assam black teas, which are now also imported in a green variant. Darjeeling has a typical nutmeg flavor and is available in several varieties depending on the time of harvest. It is easily digestible, does not irritate the stomach and its stimulating effects are long-lasting. Among the beneficial substances contains vitamins C, B, E, K and minerals copper, iron, sodium, calcium or potassium. Assam black tea has a full taste, a strong red color and a pleasant aroma. It is characterized by its bitterness, invigorating and refreshing effects. It has a high content of antioxidants.
The importer of black teas is also Sri Lanka, where the famous Ceylon teas are grown . You also have many supporters around the world. They are ideal for consumption in the morning, morning or afternoon. They contain flavonoids that have antioxidant, antimutagenic, antibacterial and antiparasitic effects on our body. In terms of taste, they are very delicate and delicious.
If you choose black tea, we definitely recommend you to bet on loose tea, which is much better than the one packed in individual bags. Unlike green tea, it can be stored much longer because it retains its high value (taste and aroma).
Production of black tea
Black tea is harvested throughout the year. The harvest time depends most on the type of tea that is currently being produced. Once the leaves are torn off, they are first allowed to wither by the air flow. They are then crushed, cut or bottled. Processing can be done by machine or by hand, which will also affect the final quality of tea and its price (hand-processed teas are of better quality and also more expensive). Oxidation takes place at certain temperatures and humidity – this will also significantly affect the resulting tea. Once finished, the tea leaves are dried and sorted on sieves. They pack up and are ready for sale to customers.
Effects of black tea
In general, the longer the tea is exposed to oxidation and the more it is fermented, the less beneficial it contains. Therefore, green and white tea is healthier for our body than black tea. In the production of black tea, the vitamins, minerals and other beneficial substances are degraded . But that doesn’t mean it would detract from his taste. On the contrary, many people like black tea more than white or green tea.
Because black tea undergoes longer oxidation, it has a high caffeine content. This surpasses the caffeine contained in green and white tea. Young tea leaves contain more tein than older leaves. Older teas usually increase the proportion of tannins and these slow down the absorption of caffeine .
The caffeine content also depends very much on the brewing time of the tea, which should be within two minutes for maximum effects. If you brew the tea for a longer time, for example up to five minutes, the mentioned tannins will also start to dissolve into the infusion and the stimulating effects of the tea will be significantly reduced.
So if you need to quickly supply energy and encourage your body and mind, black tea is the ideal choice for you. It also has an encouraging effect thanks to the contained vitamin B1. In addition to thein, it also contains theobromine or theophylline. The amount of these stimulants contained ranges from 2 to 5% depending on the type of black tea. Caffeine promotes the production of dopamine and serotin and stimulates the nervous system.
The content of stimulants can replace a cup of black tea and a cup of coffee. However, it is much healthier and its effects are more lasting. One cup of black tea can work on you for up to 6 hours. Caffeine from tea is gradually absorbed into our body, while that from coffee at once – ie for a short time. This does not suit many people and coffee causes them considerable problems.
Black tea is also suitable for some stomach problems , but with little warning. It should be avoided by people who have a sensitive stomach, suffer from hyperacidity or stomach ulcers. In such a case, strong black tea may rather irritate your stomach.
Like other types of tea, it is an important antioxidant . As for the beneficial substances, it contains slightly less than green or white teas due to their longer oxidation. However, regular consumption of black tea can lower the level of cholesterol or glucose in your blood. It is therefore also suitable for regular consumption and can also be drunk by diabetics.
How to make a cup of black tea?
Do you know how to make black tea properly? Every consumer has different preferences for the final taste of black tea. These depend not only on the chosen type of tea, but can also be significantly influenced by its preparation. One teaspoon is usually dispensed per cup of beverage. However, the amount can be smaller or even larger depending on how strong the tea you require. It is usually enough to add one teaspoon of extra tea to the whole teapot.
Water which fills the tea should be approximately the temperature between 60-90 ° C . It is more of a myth that black tea should be poured with hot freshly brewed water, better boiled water and standing for a while. Spring water with lower hardness is also ideal for making tea. But if you don’t have it available, you will certainly be satisfied with classic drinking tap water.
The tea leaves are therefore watered and infused for approximately two to six minutes according to the consumer’s preferences. You can buy black tea as pure or even variously flavored. Spices, fruits or various sweeteners can significantly soften the taste of tea. In England, for example, milk or cream is used to flavor tea. But with us you will find lemon, sugar and honey.
Black tea can also be combined with various alcoholic beverages, canned fruit or fruit juice. There are really no limits to your imagination. In addition, you can buy black teas both pure and directly flavored from the manufacturer. So you don’t have to figure out how to taste your morning cup of tea to make it delicious.